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Subject: 01/03/93 - The National Midnight Star #844  *** Special Edition ***

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----------------------------------------------------------------------


          The National Midnight Star, Number 844

                 Monday, 03 January 1993
Today's Topics:
                    Administrivia
         Neil Peart Int. Modern Drummer apr/may 80
--------------------------------------------------------

From: rush-mgr@syrinx.umd.edu (The RUSH Fans Digest Manager)
Date: Mon Jan  3 20:21:58 EST 1994
Subject: Administrivia

As most of you may have noticed, the NMS has been on a one-week hiatus
(mainly because my internet access was limited last week by being on
vacation). There weren't many posts to come in during the interim though,
and nothing time-important (like new tour dates announcing, looks like the
Midwest dates might be released soon!)

So since I was pressed for time today, here's a make-up issue with an old
interview with Neil (just so you don't think that the digest is dead!). 
There should be a regular digest tomorrow.

Also, I've removed all compuserve members from the main list because they
can now receive the NMS through the Rocknet forum. I'm now working on the 
America On Line problem of splitting digests/losing parts of email. If you
have this problem and would like to be on a list where the digest is
split up into ~8k chunks then send me mail (you can be on it even if 
you're not on AOL, just let me know). I should have the program
up and running tomorrow.

- rush-mgr

--------------------------------------------------------

Date: Thu, 23 Dec 1993 09:41:20 +0000
From: bsw1@cornell.edu (Brian Witchey)
Subject: Neil Peart Int. Modern Drummer apr/may 80

        This interview with Neil is from the April/May 1980 issue of Modern
Drummer [Reprinted without permission]. The interviewer's name is Cheech
Iero. In the original article, each time Geddy's name appears it is
misspelled as "Getty". 


CI: Tell me a little bit about your set-up. It's a beautiful looking set.
What kind of finish does it have?

NP: It's a mahogany finish. The Percussion Center in Fort Wayne, where I
get all my stuff, did the finish for me. I was trying to achieve a
Rosewood. At home I have some Chinese Rosewood furniture, and I wanted to
get that deep burgundy richness. They experimented with different kinds of
inks, magic marker inks of red, blue, and black, trying to get the color.
It was very difficult.

CI: What is the cost of your drum set?
NP: I don't think about it. I've never figured it out. I didn't buy it all
at once. I've just never thought about it.

CI: Do you enjoy the hectic schedule you keep on the road?

NP: To me, it's just the musician's natural environment. I won't say that
it's always wonderful, but it's not always awful either. As with anything
else, I think it's a more extreme way of life. The rewards are higher, but
the negative sides are that much more negative. I think that rule of
polarity follows almost every walk of life. The greater the amount of
fulfillment your looking for, the greater the agony you'll face.

CI: During your sound check, you not only use the opportunity to get the
proper sound, but also as a chance to warm up and practice a bit.

NP: Well, sound check is a nice time to practice and try new ideas, because
there's no pressure. If you do it wrong it doesn't matter. And I'm a bit on
the adventurous side live, too. I'll try something out. I'll take a chance.
Most of the time I'm playing above my ability, so I'm taking a risk. I
think everyday is really a practice. We play so much, and playing within a
framework of music every night you have enough familiarity you feel
comfortable to experiment. If the song starts to grow a bit stale I find
one nice little fill which will refresh the whole song. 

CI: Refresh it for the rest of the group as well?

NP: Sure. For all of us. We all put in a little something, a little spice.
The audience would probably never notice, but it just has to be a little
something that sparks it for us. And for me the whole song will lead up to
that from then on and the whole song will never be dull.

CI: How did you become involved with Rush?

NP: The usual chain of circumstances and accidents. I came from a city
that's about 60 or 70 miles from Toronto. A few musicians from my area had
migrated to Toronto and were working with bands around there when they
recommended me as someone of suitable style. I guess they tried a few
drummers, but we just clicked on both sides. There was a strong musical
empathy right away with new things they were working on and things I had as
musical ideas. Also, outside of music we have a lot of things in common.

CI: Where has this tour taken you?

NP: Well, this really isn't much of a tour. By our terms, most of our tours
last 10 months or so. This one's only 3 or 4 weeks. This is just a warm up
as far as we're concerned. We've been off a couple of months. We took two
weeks of holidays and then spent six weeks rehearsing and writing new
material. After that kind of break we just wanted to get ourselves out on
stage. That's the only place where you really get yourself into shape.
Rehearsals will keep you playing well and you'll remember all your ideas
and learn your songs and stuff, but as far as the physical part of it , the
feeling of being on top of your playing, you've got to have the road for
that.

CI: This is a warm up for what?

NP: The studio.

CI: At what studio will you record?

NP: We will be going to Le Studio which is in Montreal. We'll record and
mix at Trident in London. 

CI: When the members of Rush are composing a piece of music, is the
structure determined by the feedback you receive from one another?

NP: Yes, to a large extent. It depends really on what we're coming at it
with. Often times, Alex and Getty will have a musical idea, maybe
individually. They'll bring it into the studio and we'll bounce it off one
another, see what we like about it, see if we find it exciting as an idea
and then we get a verbal idea of what the mood of it is. What the setting
would be. If I have a lyrical idea that we're trying to find music for, we
discuss the type of mood we are trying to create musically. What sort of
compositional skills I guess we'll bring to bear on that emotionally. The
three of us try to establish the same feeling for what the song should be.
Then you bring the technical skills in to try to interpret that properly
and achieve what you thought it would. 

CI: Your role as a lyricist has drawn wide acclaim. How did you that
particular talent?

NP: Well that's really hard to put into focus. I came into it by default,
just because the other two guys didn't want to write lyrics. I've always
liked words. I've always liked reading , so I had a go at it. I like doing
it. When I'm doing it, I try to do the best I can. It's pretty secondary, I
don't put that much importance on it. A lot of times you just think of a
lyrical idea as a good musical vehicle. I'll think up an image, or I'll
hear about a certain metaphor that's really picturesque. A good verbal
image is a really good musical stimulus. If I come up with a really good
picture lyrically, I can take it to the other two guys and automatically
express to them a musical approach.

CI: The tune "Trees" from your Hemispheres album comes to mind as you speak.

NP: Lyrically, that's a piece of doggerel. I certainly wouldn't be proud of
the writing skill of that. What I would be proud of in that is taking a
pure idea and creating an image for it. I was very proud of what I achieved
in that sense. Although on the skill side it's zero. I wrote "The Trees" in
about five minutes. It's simple rhyming and phrasing, but it illustrates a
point so clearly, I wish I could do that all of the time.

CI: Did that particular song's lyrics cover a deeper social message?

NP: No. It was just a flash. I was working on an entirely different thing
when I saw a cartoon picture of these trees carrying on like fools. I
thought, "What if trees acted like people?" So I saw it as a cartoon
really, and wrote it that way. I think that's the image that it conjures up
to a listener or a reader. A very simple statement.

CI: Do all of your lyrics follow that way of thinking, or have you
expressed a more philosophical view in other songs that you have written.

NP: Usually, I just want to create a nice picture, or it might have a
musical justification that goes beyond the lyrics. I just try to make the
lyrics a good part of the music. Many times there's something strong that
I'm trying to say , I look for a nice way to say it musically. The
simplicity of the technique in "The Trees" doesn't really matter to me. It
can be the same way in music. We can write a really simple piece of music
and it will feel great. The technical side is just not relevant. Especially
from a listening point of view. When I'm listening to other people I'm not
listening to how hard their music is to play, I listen to how good the
music is to listen to.

CI: When you listen to another drummer, what do you listen for?

NP: I listen for what they have. There's a lot of different kinds of
drumming that turn me on. It could be a really simple thing, and I don't
really think my style reflects my taste. There are a lot of drummers that I
like who play nothing the way I do. There's a band called The Police and
their drummer plays with simplicity, but with such gusto. It's great. He
just has a new approach.

CI: Who are some of your favorite drummers?

NP: I have a lot. Bill Bruford is one of my favorite drummers. I admire him
for a whole variety of reasons. I like the stuff he plays, and the way he
plays it. I like the music he plays within all the bands he's been in.
There were a lot of drummers that at different stages of my ability, I've
looked up to. Starting way back with Keith Moon. He was one of my favorite
mentors. It's hard to decide what drummers taught you what things.
Certainly Moon gave me a new idea of the freedom and that there was no need
to be a fundamentalist. I really liked his approach to putting crash
cymbals in the middle of a roll. Then I got into a more disciplined style
later on as I gained a little more understanding of the technical side.
People like Carl Palmer, Phil Collins, Michael Giles the first drummer for
King Crimson, and of course Bill, were all influences. There's a guy named
Kevin Ellman who played with Todd Rundgren's Utopia for a while. I don't
know what happened to him. He was the first guy I heard lean into the
concert toms. Nicky Mason from Pink Floyd has a different style. Very
simplistic, yet ultra tasteful. Always the right thing in the right place.
I heard concert toms from Mason first, then I heard Kevin Ellman who put
all his arms into it. You learn so many things here and there. There are a
lot of drummers we work with, Tommy Aldridge from the Pat Travers Band is a
very good drummer. I should keep a list of all the drummers I admire.

CI: Do you follow any of the jazz drummers?

NP: I've found it easier to relate to the so called fusion actually. I like
it if it has some rock in it. Weather Report's "Heavy Weather" I think was
one of the best jazz albums in a long time. Usually just technical
virtuosity just leaves me just completely unmoved, though academically it's
inspiring. But that band just moved me in every way. They were exciting and
proficient musicians. Their songs were really nice to listen to. They were
an important band, and had a great influence on my thinking.

CI: What drew you towards drums?

NP: Just a chain of circumstances. I'd like to make up a nice story about
how it all happened. I just used to bang around the house on things, and
pick up chop sticks and play on my sister's play pen. For my thirteenth
birthday my parents paid for drum lessons. I had had piano lessons a few
years before that and wasn't really that interested. But with drums,
somehow I was interested. When it got to the point of being bored with
lessons, I wasn't bored with playing. It was something I wanted to do
everyday. So it was no sacrifice. No agony at all. It was a pleasure. I'd
come home everyday from school and play along with the radio. 

CI: Who was your first drum teacher?

NP: I took lessons for a short period of time, about a year and a half. His
name was Paul. I can't remember his last name. He turned me in a lot of
good directions, and gave me a lot of encouragement. I'll never forget him
telling me that out of all his students there were only two that he thought
would be drummers. I was one of them. That was the first encouragement I
had which was very important to me. For somebody to say to you, you can do
it. And then he got into showing me what was hard to do. Although I wasn't
capable of playing those things at the time, he was showing me difficult
rudimental things, and flashy things. Double hand cross-overs and such. So
he gave me the challenge. And even after I stopped taking lessons those
things stayed in my mind, and I worked on them. And finally I learned how
to do a double hand cross-over. I remember thinking how proud I would be if
my teacher could see it.

CI: Did you study further with other instructors?

NP: Well, it's relative. I think of myself still as a student. All the time
I've been playing I've listened to other drummers and learned an awful lot.
I'm still learning. We're all just beginners. I really like that Lol Creme
and Kevin Godly album. The L thing on their album stands for "learners
permit" in England. And that album is so far above what everybody else is
doing, yet their still learning. I really admire them.

CI: When you were coming up did you set your sights on any particular goals?

NP: My goals were really very modest at the time. I would get in a band and
the big dream was to play in a high school. Ultimately, every city has the
place that's the "in" spot where all the hip local bands play. I used to
dream about playing those places. I never thought bigger than that. For
every set of goals achieved, new ones come along to replace them. After I
would achieve one goal it would mean nothing. There's a hall in Toronto
called Massey Hall which is a 4,000 seat hall. I used to think to play
there would be the ultimate. But then you get there and worry about other
things. When we finally got to play there we were about to make an album,
and thought about that.

CI: Your mind was a step ahead of what you were doing at the present.

NP: Yes. I think it's human nature, not to be satisfied with what you were
originally dreaming of, if you achieve it, it means nothing any more. You've
got to have something to replace it.

CI: Describe your feelings, walking on stage and looking at an audience of
35,000 screaming fans.

NP: Any real person will not be moved by 35,000 people applauding him. If I
go on in front of 35,000 people and play really well, then I feel satisfied
when I come off the stage. I'm happy because those 35,000 people were
excited. If we're in front of a huge crowd and I have a bad night, I still
can't help being depressed. If I come off stage not having played well, I
don't feel good. I don't see why I should change that. Adulation means
nothing without self respect.

CI: You feel you must satisfy yourself first?

NP: I never met a serious musician who wasn't his own worst critic. I can
walk off stage and people will have thought I played well, and it might
have even sounded good on tape, but I still know I didn't play it the way
it should be. Nothing will change that.

CI: Do you feel there are certain things that contribute to a particularly
good or bad night?

NP: I don't think there's anything mystical about it at all. I just think
it's a matter of polarity. I go looking for a lot of parallels. I find it
in that, because certain nights it is so magical, and the whole band feels
so good about how they played. The audience was so receptive and there's
feedback going back and forth, and good feelings by the show. Every other
show has to be measured by those standards. Our average is good. We never
do a bad show any more. We have a level where we're always good. Somerset
Maugham I believe said "A mediocre person is always at his best." And
that's true. If you play really great one night, you're not going to be
great every night. As far as my experiences go anyway. I've never known any
musician that was. I'm not. Some nights I'm good and some nights I'm not
good. Some nights I think I stink. I think it's just a matter of knowing
that you have an honest appraisal of what your ability should be, and know
how well you've lived up to it. To me, there's no mystery about that at
all. You know inside.

CI: What type sticks do you use?

NP: I use light sticks generally. I've used the butt end for as long as I
can remember. It gives me all the impact I need. When I'm doing anything
delicate, I play matched grip with the bead end of the sticks.

CI: So you use both matched and traditional grips depending on the feeling
of the music?

NP: Yes, both. I go back to the traditional grip when I have to do anything
rudimentary because that's the way I learned it. It's not the best way. For
anybody else learning I wouldn't advise that. I've seen a lot of good
drummers who could play a beautiful pressed roll with matched grip.

CI: Why do you tape the top shaft of the bass drum beater so heavily?

NP: That's an interesting trick that other drummers should know about. I
break a lot of beaters off at the head, because the whole weight of my leg
goes into my pedals. And I always break them where the felt part of the
beater meets the shaft, and then the shaft goes through the head. If you
put that roll of tape on there you'll never break your drum head. In fact I
can still get through half a song if I have to, until the beater can be
changed. The worst thing that could happen in a show would be for your bass
drum to break. Anything else can be changed or fixed or re-rigged somehow.
But if you break a bass drum head the show stops. We once had to stop in
the middle of filming Don Kirshner's "Rock Concert" because I broke a bass
drum. So we stopped and fixed it. That's all you can do. It doesn't happen
any more, because of that idea and because Larry keeps an eye on the heads
and changes them.

CI: Who mikes your drums?

NP: Our sound man Ian chooses the mikes, and positions them.

CI: You have your own monitor mix during live performances, correct?

NP: Yes, Larry mixes that. That's really just my drums in a separate mix,
because we have front monitors.

CI: Are the monitors on your left just feeding you the drums?

NP: Yes, all I hear is myself coming from those monitors. The front
monitors give me all synthesizers and vocals and when it comes to guitar
and bass they're right beside me. There are only two other guys. I'm
fortunate in that respect, so I don't need them in my monitors. I have
direct instruments to my ears which to me is the best. I'd rather have that
then to fool around with the monitors. And the stuff the other guys need in
their monitors I get indirectly, because it's pointing at them, so I also
hear it. I know a lot of drummers who prefer to have the whole mix in their
monitors. 

CI: Have you ever worn earphones while playing live?

NP: No, not really, they fall off. I even had a lot of trouble in the
studio keeping them on. I went through all kinds of weird arrangements,
getting the cord out of my way. It's just not worth it. I like to hear the
natural sound.

CI: What are your thoughts on tuning?

NP: Concert toms are pretty well self-explanatory. I just know the note I
want to achieve and tighten them up.

CI: Do you use a pitch pipe, get the note from a keyboard or just hum the
note you're after?

NP: I've been using the same size drums for several years, and I just know
what note that drum should produce. When you combine a certain type of head
with a certain size drum I believe there is an optimum note, which will
give you the most projection and the greatest amount of sustain. With the
concert toms I just go for the note. I have a mental scale in my head. I
know what those notes should be. By now it's instinctive. With the closed
toms, I start with the bottom heads. I'll tune the bottom heads to the note
that drum should produce, and then tune the top head to the bottom.

CI: How often do you change the heads on your drums?

NP: Concert tom heads sound good when they're brand new, so they get
changed a bit differently. They last through a month of serious road work.
The Evans Mirror Heads are used on the tom toms and take a while to warm
up. It takes a week to break them in. I don't change them much more than
every six weeks or so. They do start to lose their sound after a while. You
start to feel they're just not putting out the note they should be. Then
you say "I hate to do it but let's change the heads." I like Black Dots
when they're brand new. I used to use those on my snare, and the Clear Dots
also sound good when they're brand new. But the Evans heads don't. It takes
a while. I've gone through agonies with snare drums. I guess most drummers
do. I had an awful time because there was a snare sound in my mind that I
wanted to achieve. I went through all kinds of metal snares. And I still
wasn't satisfied. It wasn't the sound I was after. Then my drum roadie
phoned me about this wooden Slingerland snare. It was second hand. Sixty
Dollars. I tried it out and it was the one. Every other snare I've tried
chokes somewhere. Either very quietly or if you hit it too hard it chokes.
This one never chokes. You can play it very delicately or you can pound it
to death. It always produces a very clean, very crisp sound. It has a lot
of power, which I didn't expect from a wooden snare drum. It's a really
strong drum. I tried other types of wooden snare drums. I tried the top of
the line Slingerland snare drum. This one was a Slingerland but very
inexpensive. I've tried other wooden snares, but this was the one, there's
no other snare drum that will replace it for me.

CI: What has been done to the inside of your shells?

NP: All of the drums with the exception of the snare have a thin layer of
fiberglass. It doesn't destroy the wood sound. It just seems to even out
the overtones a bit, so you don't get crazy rings coming out of certain
areas of the drums. You don't get too much sound absorbtion from the wood.
Each drum produces the pure note it was made to produce as far as I'm
concerned. There's no interference with that either in the open toms or the
closed toms. The note is very pure and easy to achieve. I can tune the
drums and when I get them to the right note I know the sound will be
proper.

CI: Why do you use the same size double bass drums instead of two different
size drums to achieve two different bass voices?

NP: I don't know. I can't see the point of it really. I'm not looking for
different sounds, I don't use my bass drums for beats or anything like
that. My double bass drums are basically for use with fills. I don't like
them to be used in rhythms. I like them to spice up a fill or create a
certain accent. Many drummers say that anything that you can do with two
feet can be achieved with one. That just isn't true. I can anticipate a
beat with both bass drums. That is something I learned from Tommy Aldridge
of the Pat Travers Band. He has a really neat style with two bass drums.
Instead of doing triplets with his tom toms first and then the bass drum,
which is the conventional way, he learned how to do it the other way, so
that the bass drums are anticipated. 

CI: Giving it a flam effect?

NP: In a sense. It has an up sort of feel. You could just be playing along
in an ordinary 4 beats to the bar ride and then all of a sudden stick that
in. It just sets that apart. When you listen to it on the track, it sounds
strange. It really works well and it's handy in the fills. You can be in
the middle of a triplet fill and all of a sudden you can leave your feet
out for a beat and then bring them back in on the beat. It's really
exciting. And I like to interpose two bass drums against the hi-hat too.
There are few different things I do where I throw in a quick triplet or
quadruplet using the bass pedals and then get right over to the hi-hat.
I'll complete my triplet and by the time my hand gets over to the hat my
foot is already there. So you'll hear almost consecutive left bass drum and
hi-hat notes. If you want a really powerful roll, there's nothing more
powerful than triplets with two bass drums. I could certainly get along
without two bass drums for 99% of my playing. But I would miss them for
some important little things.

CI: Did you go to the Zildjian factory to select your cymbals?

NP: No, I must admit I've cracked so many cymbals, that would be futile. I
just know the weights that I want to get and if I have one that's terribly
bad, I'll take it back. I go through an awful lot of crash cymbals. I hit
them hard and they crack. Especially my 16" crash which is my mainstay, and
my 18" crash.

CI: Where do you buy your cymbals?

NP: From the Percussion Center. I actually haven't seen their store in
years. Most of our business is done by them shipping the merchandise out to
us, or Neil Graham comes out from the store. He brought me my new drums a
couple of weeks ago. I know he has a lot of imagination; if I want
something crazy, he'll come up with it. If I want crotales on top of the
tubular bells, or a temple block mounted on top of my percussion, he can do
it. When you present him with an idea, he thinks of a way to achieve it. He
never let me down in that respect. He built my gong stand. The gong stand
mounts on the tympani and is attached to the mallet stand.

CI: With the extensive set up that you use I'm wondering why you do not use
electronic percussive devices.

NP: It's a matter of temperament really. I don't feel comfortable with
wires and electronic things. It's not a thing for which I have a natural
empathy. It's not that I don't think that they are interesting or that
there aren't a lot of possibilities. But, personally I'm satisfied with
traditional percussion. I have distrust for electronic and and mechanical
things. I've got enough to keep me busy, really. When I look at my drums,
the five piece set up is the basis of what I have. I might have hundreds of
toys, but for me most of my thinking revolves around snare drum, bass drum,
hi-hat and a couple of tom toms. But there's more to it than that. I can
add a lot more. I don't understand fundamentalists who would look at my
drum kit and say, "all you need is four drums." I'm not afraid to play on
only four drums, but there's more that I can contribute to this band as a
percussionist. I'm certainly not a keyboard percussion virtuoso by any
means, nor do I expect to be. I just want to be a good drummer at this
point in my life. Having eight tom toms to me is excellent, because I can
do that many more variations of sounds. So you're not hearing the same fill
all the time, or the same sort of patterns. There are different notes,
different perspectives of percussion. To me it sounds like a natural
evolution. I couldn't understand anyone who would look at it with
bitterness, or reproach, because I don't neglect drumming because of that.
When I'm not busy drumming, I have something else to do. And the guys show
me the notes to play and I play them. I know Carl Palmer spends a lot of
time on keyboard percussion and I admire him for that. He's getting quite
proficient. Bill Bruford's getting amazing on keyboard percussion, because
he's devoted the time and the energy that it takes to become a proper
keyboard percussionist. I admire that to no end. I spend a lot of time
thinking about composition, and drumming has to be the prime musical force.
I spend a lot of time working with words. I look at that as a simultaneous
education while I'm refining my drumming skills.

CI: Do you use lyrics as a guide to your drumming?

NP: Not after the fact. Once we have agreed on the musical structure and
arrangement, it then becomes a purely musical thing. Obviously, if there's
a problem phrasing I might have to rewrite the structure. But for the most
part I forget about the lyrics and listen to the vocals. Geddy's
interpretation is really when it becomes an instrument, so there's a way I
can punctuate the vocals or frame the vocals somehow musically. 

CI: What are some of your thoughts on drum soloing?

NP: I guess there are mixed feelings. How musical it is depends on the
drummer. I have a framework that I deal with every night, so I have some
sort of standard where it will be consistent. And if I don't feel
especially creative or strong, I can just play my framework and know it
will be played good. But certain areas of my solo are left open for
improvisation. If I feel especially hot, or if I have an idea which comes
to me spontaneously, I have plenty of room to experiment. I try to
structure the solo like a song, or piece of music. I'll work from the
introduction, and go through various movements, and bring in some comic
relief. Then build up to a crescendo and end naturally. I can't be
objective. Subjectively, I enjoy doing it and like listening to it. It's a
good solo. Non-drummers have told me it's a nice solo to listen to.

CI: Do you have any advice for the young drummers with aspirations of
someday playing in a musical situation similar to your own?

NP: I used to try to give people advice but the more I learned, the more I
realized that my advice could only be based on both my values and my
experiences. Neither of which are going to be shared by very many people. I
would say to them "Go for what you're after."  I can't get much more
complicated than that. I don't feel comfortable telling people what to do.

CI: Have you ever taught private students?

NP: No, I haven't. I've been asked to do clinics which I'm interested in,
but fearful of. But I would like to get into doing that, relating to people
on that level. I like to talk about drums. I like to talk about things I'm
interested in. For me to talk about things I'm honestly interested in, and
obviously drums is one of them, is foremost.

CI: What are your thoughts on interviews?

NP: I won't do an interview for a promotional reason. I do them because I
like to get my ideas out. Sometimes I can talk about something in an
interview and realize that I was totally wrong. And I'll have had the
opportunity to air those thoughts out which most people don't. You don't
have conversations with your friends about metaphysics, the fundamentals of
music, and the fundamentals of yourself really. When I do an interview I
look for an ideal. I'm looking for an interview that's going to be
stimulating, and I'll get right into it. Just sit for hours and relate.
That's an ideal, like an ideal show. It doesn't happen very often.

CI: Before setting up your kit, your roadie Larry Allen cleaned and
polished each cymbal to a high gloss and cleaned all the chrome. Does he
take this great care as per your instruction, or is this something he does
on his own?

NP: That's a reflection of Larry's care. He takes a lot of pride in having
the set sparkle and the cymbals shining. On his side I relate to that, but
it doesn't affect me really one way or the other.

CI: Do you hear a difference in the brilliance of the sound when your
cymbals are clean instead of tarnished?

NP: No, not really. It's hard to justify really. To me a good cymbal sounds
good, and a bad cymbal doesn't sound good. That's the way I feel about it.
My 20" crash has a very warm, rich sound with a lot of good decay. I don't
think dirt would improve that. 

CI: Some drummers feel that as the cymbal is played, gets dirty, and gets
tarnished, it takes on a certain character all its own. Do you think it is
really the aging process that is the factor.

NP: Yes, I think age has something to do with that. But the cymbal is
metal, how can dirt make it sound better? If you don't want the decay,
stick a piece of tape on it. It'll do the same thing dirt will do. It may
be true that dirt is a factor. But it won't give it a warmer sound by
definition, because the note of the cymbal is still the note of the cymbal.

CI: The dirt will only affect the sustain.

NP: Exactly. So if you want a shorter sustain, get it dirty. My cymbals are
chosen for the length of decay that I want. And a certain frequency range.
The amount of decay is especially crucial.

CI: Tell me about that Chinese cymbal you're using. It sounds great!

NP: I had an awful time trying to get into Chinese cymbals. I bought an 18"
pang, just looking for the Chinese sound. It had a good sound and I found
myself using it for different effects. But it's almost a whispery,
electronic sound. When I listen to its sound in the studio, or on a tape it
sounds like a phaser. It has a warm sort of sound, but it didn't have the
attack I was looking for. So I got the Zildjian China type which had that,
but also a lot of sustain. Larry picked this one up at Frank's Drum Shop.
It was made in China. It's a 20" with a little more bottom end to its
sound.

CI: For the size of your set up I was surprised to see you using 13"
hi-hats. Why 13's?

NP: I've always used 13's. I use a certain hi-hat punctuation that doesn't
work with any other size. I've tried 14's, and every time we go into the
studio our co-producer Terry Brown, wants me to use 14" hi-hat cymbals.
I've tried them. I'm an open minded guy. But it just doesn't happen for me.

CI: Are they just conventional hats?

NP: Just conventional, regular old hi-hats. We work with a band a lot
called Max Webster, and their drummer and I work very closely, listening to
each other's drums. Webster told me not to change that hi-hat, because for
any open hat work or any choke work, it's so quick and clean. It just
wouldn't work with 14's. The decay is too slow. 

CI: Are you talking about that particular pair of 13's or any 13's. 

NP: Well any 13's for me. I've gone through about three sets of 13's in the
last 8 or 9 years. And they've all sounded good. When I found myself to be
one of the only drummers around using 13's, I tried others, but either my
style developed with 13" cymbals or the 13" cymbals were an important part
of my style.

CI: You are using Evans heads on your toms?

NP: Yes, the Evans heads have a nice attack which gives a good bite from
the drums. At the same time you never lose the note. I play with a lot of
open drums, open concert toms. But my front toms and my floor toms are all
closed with heads on the bottom. I never lose the note on account of that.
With certain types of acoustical surroundings, open drums just lose
everything, all you hear is a smack. I get that with my concert toms. I
hear that with other drummers. If you're in a particularly flat hall, or if
the stage area is particularly dead, it kills the note of the drums. I
think it's easier to get a good sound with open drums. I've been talking to
people about this lately, and developing a theory. I think that perhaps,
especially with miking, it's easier to get a good sound with open drums.
But I think that a better sound can be achieved with closed drums. A more
consistent sound. I think over a range of hundreds of different acoustical
surroundings, closed drums have a better chance of sounding good more
often. That's just a theory. It depends on a number of things of course. I
open up my bass drums in the studio, but I leave the toms closed.

CI: Yet for your live performance, I see you have left both heads on the
bass drums. Why?

NP: I think I get a rounder note, and a more consistent bass drum sound.
And our sound man's happy with both heads on. we just have a small hole in
the front head and a microphone right inside. 

CI: I noticed you use a microphone right under your snare drum.

NP: Yes, I use an under snare mike for the monitors only. Which Ian doesn't
use out front. I don't use the over snare mike in the monitors, because I'm
getting all of the middle I need out of the drum itself. It's the high end
that gets lost in the ambient sound of the rest of the band. The high end
gets lost first. 

CI: What about in the studio?

NP: In the studio sometimes both, but usually the top.

CI: In the studio, do you use one mike to catch the snare and the hi-hat or
is that done separately?

NP: Just one mike on the snare alone and the hi-hat has a separate mike.
It's a logistical thing. We have to go for close miking, Just about
everything is individually miked. There are three overheads to cover the
cymbals, one separate overhead for the China-type. I have a certain set of
long, tubular wind chimes that have to be heard at a particular point so
they have a mike. There's a mike for the tympani, there's two mikes for the
orchestra chimes and they also pick up the crotales. There's also a
separate mike for the glockenspiel. If I want to try to inject that much
subtlety into our music, the glockenspiel has to be miked closely or it
won't exist. It's crucial. Miking is a science that I can't talk about with
much conviction. I don't know a lot about it other than a few bits of
theory I picked up in the studio. As far as live miking goes, I'm pretty
ignorant I must admit. I'm just trying to get my drums to sound good to me,
and then it's up to the sound man to make them sound good in the house.

CI: Could you tell me a little bit about your recent album?

NP: There's quite a variety of things this time. We didn't have any big
ideas to work on so it's a collection of small ideas. Individual musical
statments. We got into some interesting things, and some interesting
constructions too. We built a whole song around a picture. We wanted to
build a song around the phenomena called Jacob's Ladder, where the rays
break through the clouds. I came up with a couple of short pieces of lyrics
to set the musical parts up. And we built it all musically trying to
describe it cinematically. As if our music were a film. We have a luminous
sky happening and the whole stormy, gloomy atmosphere, and all of a sudden
these shafts of brilliance come bursting through and we try to create that
musically. There's another song called "The Spirit Of Radio." It's not
about a radio station or anything, it's really about the spirit of music
when it comes right down to the basic theme of it. It's about musical
integrity. We wanted to get across the idea of a radio station playing a
wide variety of music. For instance the "Spirit Of Radio" comes from the
radio station at home called CFMY and that's their slogan. They play all
great music from reggae to R&B, to jazz, to new wave, everything that's
good or interesting. It's a very satisfying radio station to me. They have
introduced me to a lot of new music. There are bits of reggae in the song
and one or two verses has a new wave feel to it. We tried to get across all
the different forms of music. There are no divisions there. The choruses
are very electronic. It's just a digital sequencer with a glockenspiel and
a counter guitar riff. The verse is a standard straight ahead Rush verse.
One is a new wave, a couple of reggae verses, and some standard heavy
riffing, and as much as we could possibly get in there without getting
redundant. Another song that we did in there, "Freewill" is a new thing for
us in terms of time signatures. I mentioned before that we experiment a lot
with time signatures. I get a lot of satisfaction out of working different
rhythms and learning to feel comfortable.

CI: What time signatures are you using during this tune?

NP: We work in nearly everyone that I know of that's legitimate. All of the
5's, 7's, 9's, 11's, 13's and combinations thereof. There were things on
the last album that were actually 21 beat bars by the time they were
actually completed. Because they had a 7 and a 6 ; a 5 and a 4; or
7,6,7,6,7,6,6, 5. I get a tremendous amount of satisfaction making them
feel good. I don't think that you have to play in 4/4 to feel comfortable. 

CI: How did you develop your understanding of those odd meters?

NP: I remember figuring out some of Genesis' things. That was my first
understanding of how time signatures were created. And I'd hear people
talking about 7, and 5 and if they played it for me I could usually play
along. But I didn't understand. I finally got to understand the principle
of the common denominator. Once I understood it numerically I found it
really easy to pick up the rhythm. Then you take on something just as a
challenge, and turn it into a guitar solo in 13/8, and find a way to play
that comfortably and make changes. As I would change dynamically through a
4/4 section. There would be certain ways that I would move it, try to apply
those same elements to a complicated concept. I think Patrick Moraz put it
best. He said, "All the technique you have in the world is still only a
method of translating your emotions." So we're coming back with that
acquired technique. There's a lot of truth in Moraz's statement because now
we're finding out as we have gone through all those, some of them honestly
were technical exercizes. You have to say that sometimes you get excited
about playing something just because it is a difficult thing. And certain
times we would get into the technical side of it, but become bored with it.
Now we're finding out how to bring those technical ideas back and put them
into an exciting framework. We have a song that's almost all in 7 and has
some alternating bars of 8 and the chorus that goes into again is in 4.
It's all very natural to play. I can play through the whole song and I
don't count once. The only thing I count are pauses. If I'm stopping for 8
beats or something I'll count that off with my foot. But when I'm playing I
just don't count, unless I have to for meter reasons. 
        This is probably a common experience, but slower things for me are
the most difficult to keep in meter. If I'm playing really slow straight
4's, I count that, but if I'm playing really fast in 13 I don't dare count,
I just play it. We were talking earlier about music taking patterns as a
musician. I think it does that. I have a program in my head that represents
the rhythmic pattern for a 13, or a 7, or a 5. And I can bring those out
almost on command, having spent a lot of time getting familiar with them.
It's so exciting when you start to get it right the first few times and
you're putting everything you have into it. That's the ultimate joy of
creating. That joy is such a short lived thing, most of the time you don't
have time to enjoy it. Most times when I write a song the moment of
satisfaction is literally a matter of a few seconds. All of a sudden you
see it's going to work and you're going to be happy with it, and then bang
you're back into working at it again. You're thinking how am I going to do
this? Whether it's lyrically or musically, the moment of satisfaction is
very fleeting.

----------------------------------------------------------

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